Home Fire Safety
Home Safety Checklist
- If you smoke, do so in a chair, not in bed.
- Install smoke detectors in each sleeping area and on every level of your home.
- Plan two escapes from your bedroom. Practice getting out both ways.
- Smoke kills. Shut doors to stop it from advancing.
- Don't store things over the stove; people get burned reaching for them.
- Smother a pan fire with a lid. Never use water and leave the lid on until it's cool.
- Turn pot handles so they can't get bumped and children cannot pull them down. Never leave cooking food unattended.
- Wear tight, short, rolled up or tight-fitting sleeves when you cook. Loose-fitting garments can catch fire.
Living or Family Room
- Have the chimney checked and cleaned at least once a year.
- Move portable heaters away from people, furniture and curtains.
- Dispose of smoking materials in appropriate sized ashtrays.
- Use a metal fireplace screen.
Basement, Garage & Storage
- Use caution when charging lithium batteries in your garage and make sure they aren't near combustible materials
- Don't store things near the furnace or heater.
- Don't use flammable liquids near heat, a pilot light or while smoking.
- Keep flammables away from sparks.
- Move the lawn mower away from gasoline vapors before starting. Cool the motor before refueling.
- Sort and remove rubbish.
- Store gasoline and other flammables in tight metal containers.
- Don't ever use gasoline or kerosene to start at BBQ or outdoor fire pit.
- Once the fire has been started, never use lighter fluid. Use dry kindling to revive the fire.
Home Exit Drills
EDITH (Exit Drills In The Home) is a plan to save your life in case of fire:
- Don't wait for smoke and fire to surprise you. Plan your home fire escape now. If you live in an apartment, ask the management to schedule drills. Practice during Fire Prevention Week and once or twice more during the year. If you move, make a new plan right away!
- Sit down with your family today, and plan step by step your plans for an escape in the event of fire.
- Diagram two routes to the outside from all rooms, but especially the bedrooms. Locate the enclosed exit stairs in an apartment building.
- Put the fire department number on your phone - 911.
- Choose a place outdoors for everyone to meet for roll call; find a neighbor's house to telephone the fire department.
- Discuss why you should not go back inside once you are out. People have died returning into a burning building. Purchase and install a smoke detector in each bedroom and for each level of your home. Each person should have a whistle (for warning others) to keep by their bed. Some family members may need a special escape ladder for rooms located above the first floor. Remember, you need to plan two methods of escape from every room.
Candles in the Home
NFPA offers these tips for safer use of candles in the home:
- Always stay in the room where candles are being burned.
- The best way to extinguish candles is with a snuffer, avoiding burns from hot wax or the flame.
- Burn candles on sturdy, uncluttered surfaces.
- Extinguish candles when they burn to within two inches of their holder.
- Keep candles, matches and lighters away from children.
- Keep lit candles at least one foot away from curtains, mattresses, and anything that can burn.
- Trim candle wicks to one-quarter inch before lighting.
- Use sturdy candle holders that won't tip or burn.
- When lighting candles, keep your hair and clothing away from the flame.